June, 2021: amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/English.pdf
Death penalty / 台灣《監獄法》的修訂導致
7 月份對《死刑執行條例》進行了修改。修訂後的條例仍然允許對有社會心理或智力障礙的人判處死刑。當局在這一年中在廢除死刑方面沒有取得任何進展，台灣繼續執行死刑。 Amendments to the Prison Act in January resulted in changes to the
Regulations for the Execution of the Death Penalty in July. The amended
regulations still allowed death sentences for individuals with psychosocial or
intellectual disabilities.2 The
authorities made no progress towards abolition during the year and continued to
carry out executions.
India, Oman, Qatar and Taiwan also resumed executions. “The death penalty
is an abhorrent punishment and pursuing executions in the middle of a pandemic
further highlights its inherent cruelty. (amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2021/04/death-penalty-2020-despite-covid-19-some-countries-ruthlessly-pursued-death-sentences-and-executions/)
◆ Taiwan News, 2021-4-22 :
Sentences and Executions 2020"report
by Amnesty International lists Taiwan as one of the 18 nations that carried
out the death penalty in 2020. Taiwan's Minister of Justice Tsai
Ching-hsiang (蔡清祥) said on April 21, 2021 that Taiwan remains on track to
abolish capital punishment despite an execution and five death sentences
◆ Next TV news, Apple Daily news,
2021-5-10: 台灣立委國民黨團總召對造成破口的衛福部長陳時中怒責 :
◆ AFP 4-3-2020:
國內外人權團體呼籲台灣立即設立廢死刑的時間表 台灣政府嘴巴宣稱逐漸廢除死刑 行動卻相反 這絕對是人權倒退
(International and local rights groups urged Taiwan to
immediately announce a moratorium on executions and set a
timeline for complete abolition.
"The government said its policy is to gradually abolish the
death penalty but it took opposite action to carry out its
second execution ...This
is certainly a regression in human rights.)
Federation for Human Rights, the Taiwan Association for Human Rights (TAHR) and
Covenants Watch said they cast “serious doubts on Taiwan President Tsai
Ing-wen’s commitment to human rights.”)
★ 80% 台灣人民不信任司法，為甚麼支持司法的死刑判決?
是不是只有少數深入了解案情? 是否部分群眾 只思考著殺些人，可以讓自己
[The Life of David Gale] (鐵案疑雲) 我們看到外國司法的誤審以及歪打正著的荒謬,
Country Reports on Human Rights
Some political commentators and academics, however, publicly questioned the
impartiality of judges and prosecutors involved in high profile, politically
sensitive cases. click to see
與 違反<CICCPR - The International Covenant on Civil & Political
Rights> / UDN, 10-26-2019
pic. right: 台灣採兩面手法:
台灣面對國際壓力 必稱逐年廢死 選舉時騙選票
/ 聯合報, 10-26-2019
Taiwan News 11-5-2019: Taiwan PM Su says
criminals who have committed serious crimes deserve the death
Tsai said the Ministry of Justice takes great
caution handling the capital punishment cases. He added that the
speed of the execution differs
from case to case and there is not a fixed time schedule for death
deeply disappointing that Taiwan resumed the implementation of a cruel
an act that casts a shadow over Tsai’s presidency,
after President Tsai Ing-wen had stated clearly
that her government aims to abolish the death penalty.
The death penalty is the ultimate denial of human rights and can never deliver
justice or accountability.
歐盟反對 台灣執行死刑 The European Union, Bruxelles,
The execution in Taiwan ends the moratorium on the application of the death
penalty that had de facto been in place since May 2016.
The European Union is unequivocally opposed to the use of capital
punishment. It is a cruel and inhumane punishment, which fails to act as a
deterrent and represents an unacceptable denial of human dignity and integrity.
the European Union looks to the Taiwanese authorities to immediately reintroduce
a moratorium on the death penalty, as recommended by international experts in
March 2013, as a first step to its total abolition.
民間仍挺死刑 some positive
longstanding death penalty cases but several violent
incidents sparked public calls for retaining the punishment.
4 are CHINA, IRAN, PAKISTAN, SAUDI ARABIA)，去年台灣死刑遭
In "EXECUTING COUNTRIES IN 2015" list, Taiwan ranks No.12.
(top 4 are
CHINA, IRAN, PAKISTAN, SAUDI ARABIA) Amid public anger at the murder of an eight-year-old
girl in Taipei, the authorities carried out unrelated
executions even though in some instances the appeals
process had not been exhausted. The Minister of Justice
denied that the executions were carried out to assuage
public sentiment and stated they had been planned well
London-based Amnesty International organization ), 6-5-2015
failure of political
leadership）」。聲明表示，執行死刑無疑地不符合（台灣）政府長久以來宣示要廢除死刑的目標，呼籲政府必須停止以死刑做為「政治工具」欲藉此平息眾怒贏回民心；歐盟也發表聲明，表達反對立場，呼籲台灣立即暫緩執行死刑。台灣是全世界仍在執行死刑的22個國家之一。沒有任何可信的證據顯示，死刑比其他刑罰能更能有效預防犯罪。死刑違反《世界人權宣言》揭示的生命權，是最殘忍、最不人道且又有辱人格的懲罰。 (The execution of six people in Taiwan today is a
regressive decision that does not deliver justice, Amnesty International said.
...“The public outrage at the horrific murder of
an innocent schoolgirl is totally understandable and the perpetrators of such
heinous crimes must face justice, but the death penalty is never the answer,”...)
Godfather, Oscar best film 奧斯卡最佳影片
Kay: " (unlike gangsters) Senators and president don't have men
Godfather: "Who's being naive, Kay ??"
Kay: 跟黑道不同是 總統與參議員不會殺人
"Politics and crime, they are the same things"
歐盟 The EU ( the European
歐盟再次呼籲台灣暫停死刑 The EU calls on the
authorities in Taiwan to introduce an immediate moratorium
Following the latest set of six executions in Taiwan on 5 June 2015, the
European Union recalls its opposition to the use of capital punishment.
We recognise the suffering of the victims of the crimes involved and
express our sincere sympathy to their families. However, the EU
reiterates that the death penalty can never be justified and calls for
its universal abolition.
The EU calls on the authorities in Taiwan to introduce an immediate
moratorium on executions as recommended by international experts in
March 2013 following Taiwan's first human rights report, and as observed
in Taiwan from 2006 to April 2010.
國際特赦組織報告中關切台灣的執行死刑 (little progress has
been made toward the abolition of the death penalty as Taiwan continued to
impose death sentences and carry out executions. )，對於目前台灣監獄與拘留中心人滿為患，缺乏適當的醫療照護，國際特赦組織也表達關切，...
External Action Service,
歐盟表達遺憾 EU expresses regret over Taiwan's
death penalty following executions
5.1.2014 (Focus taiwan)
The European Union expressed regret over
Taiwan's execution of five death row inmates
earlier this week and called on an immediate
moratorium on executions.
BBC (Chinese version 4.30.2014):
2013 report (http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/taiwan/report-2013) Six men were executed – all in December; 55 prisoners were awaiting execution
and had exhausted all appeals. From December, hearings of all death penalty
cases at the Supreme Court were required to include oral arguments on sentencing
and related issues by both prosecution and defence lawyers. The panel of judges
would then also take into consideration the opinion of victims’ families in
determining the sentence.
On 31 August, after 21 years of litigation, the High Court reconfirmed a “not
guilty verdict” and freed the “Hsichih Trio”. Other death penalty cases
similarly involving torture and forced confessions remained unresolved.
(French Ministry of Foreign , and
European Affairs) 2012年12月26日(Taipei
Times, Apple Daily, etc )
(France has condemned the execution of
six death-row inmates by Taiwan
― A statement
issued by the French Ministry of Foreign and
European Affairs said Paris “condemns the
execution of six sentenced to death in
Taiwan [on] December 21, 2012."
... The international
human rights group
criticized the Taiwanese
government for breaking
its previous commitments
to abolish the death
penalty and failing to
obligations under the UN
human rights covenants
of which it is a
signatory — the
on Civil and Political
Rights and the
on Economic, Social and
2 experts — Manfred
Nowak, a professor at
the University of
Vienna, and Eibe Riedel,
a member of the UN
Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural
Rights — wrote to Ma
last month asking him to
guarantee that no
executions would be
carried out before the
國際特赦組織稱這些死刑是台灣官方的「冷血殺人」Campaigning human rights group Amnesty
International has condemned the move as "cold-blooded
台灣不守信用The executions - by shooting - "made a
mockery of the authorities' stated
commitment to abolish the death penalty",
Amnesty said in a statement.
以監獄人滿為患或民眾支持執行死刑，作為奪走他人性命的理由，這是很可惡的 "It is abhorrent to justify taking
someone's life because prisons are
overcrowded or the public's alleged support
for the death penalty," the statement said...
<Washington Post> 美國
... 但是王建瑄仍主張維持死刑以求社會公義與安全 Wang Chien-hsuen, head of the government
watchdog Control Yuan, said Taiwan should keep
capital punishment to maintain justice and public
“王建瑄主張台灣有自己標準，儘管許多人認為應廢死以遵循國際潮流Many people have advocated abolishment of
capital punishment to follow the international
trend, but we should have our own standards,” Wang
國際特赦組織譴責台灣In a statement, human rights group Amnesty
International condemned Taiwan’s government for
“credibly claiming it wants to see an end to the
death penalty when it continues to conduct such
Taiwan has breached its commitments: EU
Taiwan came under pressure from the EU, European Parliament
members and Amnesty International, who said it has failed to
honor its commitment to end the death penalty after it
executed six death-row inmates on Friday, bringing the
number of people executed to 15 in the past three years,
following a more than four-year hiatus since late 2005.
a statement released via the European Economic and Trade
Office in Taipei ... the action “goes
against the abolitionist trend worldwide.”
The EU is opposed to the death penalty in all cases and
has repeatedly called on authorities to establish a legal
moratorium as a matter of urgency and to work toward
abolishing the death penalty.
Ashton said the EU recognized the suffering of victims
and their families when faced with terrible crimes and
expressed its sincere sympathy to them, but that it believed
that the abolition of the death penalty enhanced human
dignity and the progressive development of human rights.
The EU also opposes the use of the death penalty because
the sentence “does not serve as an effective deterrent” to
crimes, and because “any miscarriage of justice, which is
inevitable in any legal system, is irreversible,” Ashton
Ashton called on the Taiwanese government to avoid
undertaking new executions, but instead to take concrete
steps toward reducing the use of capital punishment to allow
a de facto moratorium to resume.
Central News Agency reported from Brussels that Barbara
Lochbihler, chair of the Subcommittee on Human Rights in the
European Parliament, said that she viewed Friday’s
executions as a breach of Taiwan’s commitments.
INTERNATIONAL annual report The State of the World's Human Rights 2012)
INTERNATIONAL annual report The State of the World's Human Rights 2011)
Taiwan was criticized over issues to do with the
death penalty, freedom of expression,
justice and migrants' rights.(台灣被批評項目: 死刑、言論表達自由、司法、外籍權益)
◓ 台灣政府以台灣無共識為由繼續執行死刑Amnesty International Taiwan deputy secretary-general Yang Tsung-li
criticized the government, saying it used a lack of public consensus
as an excuse to uphold capital punishment. The executions last
year were carried out one day after a hearing on the issue, and the
executions in March came less than one month after Ma offered an
apology to the family of Chiang Kuo-ching (江國慶), who was found to
have been wrongfully executed
◓ 政府未信守承諾修改(集會遊行法)The report also criticized Taiwan's government for what it said
was its failure to deliver on promises to amend the Assembly and
Parade Act that limits citizens’ rights to assembly and free
◓ 法官涉集體收賄醜聞It also voiced concerns over the slow progress to enact a judges'
act to address corruption scandals involving high court judges and
外籍勞工多項權益受侵害 over the working conditions of migrant workers.
<China Post>, 11 DPP
chairman: Taiwan currently faces two major human rights crises: prosecutors that
abuse their powers to persecute the people,...
根據 "2012 台灣人權指標調查" (conducted by
"2012 Taiwan Human Rights Indicator Survey"(Dec.
about 53.5 percent of the
respondents gave the protection of judicial human rights a
negative rating, compared with 21.4 percent who rated it
There are accounts in which the organs were
retrieved from the executed prisoners while they
were still medically alive. Torture also exists in the investigation process
(虐待出現於台灣調查過程中), which may interfere with the credibility of the
by Frederic Laplanche , 歐洲經貿辦事處處長
Executions of five men in Taiwan
Amnesty International has
condemned today's execution of five men in Taiwan......
"The Taiwanese authorities have repeatedly stated their
intention to abolish the death penalty, but they have -
yet again - acted contrary to their own commitments and
against the global trend towards abolition of the death
penalty," said Sam Zarifi Amnesty International's
More than 70 people remain on death row in Taiwan.
Family members are not informed about scheduled executions in
advance. They learn about the executions afterwards when they are
invited to collect the body from the mortuary.
<Taipei times>, Mar. 5, 2011
歐盟德國政府對台灣再度執行五起死刑表達關切 Five executions spark concern in EU, Germany
In a statement issued following the executions, EU High Representative for
Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton said she deeply regretted
the execution and urged Taiwan “not to undertake further executions.”
The German government also expressed concerns over the execution,
with Taiwanese Representative in Berlin Wei Wu-lien (魏武煉) being
summoned to the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), according to a
press release posted on its Web site.
Mar. 15, 2010
EDITORIAL : Taiwan and the
...... Her ( minister of justice Wang Ching-feng (王清峰))
resignation, however, spotlights two weaknesses in the
government’s approach to public policy. The first is that
the administration is so preoccupied with the economy that
it has let other policy issues slide. ...... The death
penalty aside, judicial reform has long been promised and is
long overdue. ......
The second weakness has to do with the government’s
approach to the death penalty itself. The Presidential
Office has acknowledged that abolishing the death penalty is
a global trend and promised to make an effort to phase it
people are routinely imprisoned or executed for
crimes they did not commit (無辜人民坐牢或判極/重刑.) The reasons are many:
flawed evidence, coercive interrogation, political
interference and so forth.(以瑕疵的證據、強制&高壓的調查偵審手段、政治干擾等) There have been
numerous such cases in Taiwan. ......
歐洲譴責台灣<European Union> Brussels,press
May 1, 2010
Statement by the spokesperson of HR on the resumption of
executions in Taiwan
The spokesperson of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign
Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission C. Ashton
has issues the following statement today:
The High Representative condemns the executions in Taiwan ...
The High Representative deplores the
resumption of executions in Taiwan. The European Union had
been encouraged by the de facto moratorium on executions which had been
in place since 2005 and which had been continued by the adm. of
President Ma Ying Jeou.
The European Union's strongly held view
in favour of the abolition of capital punishment is well known.
The European Union considers that the abolition of the death penalty
contributes to the enhancement of human dignity and the progressive development of human rights.
It is the European Union's view that the death penalty does not serve as
an effective deterrent, and that any miscarriage of justice, which is
inevitable in any legal system, is irreversible.
The European Union urges the Government of Taiwan immediately to
resume the de facto moratorium on the death penalty, pending legal
abolition, which should include all cases still on death row in Taiwan.
The European Union further urges the Government of Taiwan to resume a
policy towards eventual abolition of the death penalty, in line with the
global trend towards universal abolition.
The Number of Executed People in
Taiwan since 1987
Controversial death sentences
There are accounts in which the organs were
retrieved from the executed prisoners while they
were still medically alive. Torture also exists in the investigation process,
which may interfere with the credibility of the
Capital punishment has in the past been practiced in virtually every society, although currently only 58 nations actively practice it, with 95 countries abolishing it (the remainder having not used it for 10 years or allowing it only in exceptional circumstances such as wartime). It is a matter of active controversy in various countries and states, and positions can vary within a single political ideology or cultural region.
> April 30, 2010
Death penalty returns in Taiwan, 4 executed
Reuters) - Taiwan
executed four people on Friday, the justice ministry said, in the island's first
cases of capital punishment since 2005 when the sentence became a sensitive
英國 <BBC >
Mar. 12, 2010
minister has resigned after failing to win
support for her opposition to the death
... Ms Wang's comments were criticised by
President Ma Ying-jeou, by her own
Kuomintang party and by victims of violent
crime. An opinion poll
compiled after her
remarks suggested three-quarters of the
Taiwanese public supported capital
punishment. ...The last executions in Taiwan were of two
people in 2005. A total of 49 people died
between 2000 and 2005.
Amnesty International has noted the recent debate on the death penalty sparked
by former Minister of Justice Wang Ching-feng's open support for a moratorium on
executions and her subsequent resignation. We write to ask you to ensure that
Taiwan remains firm in reaching for its stated goal of
abolition of the death penalty.
...... In a time of heightened political debate, we urge you to demonstrate leadership
and continue on the path toward abolition.
Secretary General (ad interim)
Alliance to End the Death Penalty
> June 2010, Letter about the death penalty in the Taipei Times
The retention or abolition of the death penalty can be
considered a reflection of a society's values. Abolition
shows that a society gives priority to upholding human
rights. Retention suggests that values of hatred and
vengeance linger in society.......
However, the death penalty provides no guarantee of
justice. Abolishing the death penalty doesn't mean that
people who commit crimes escape justice. There is still
strong punishment in the form of long prison sentences.
The death penalty also creates the risk of a gross
miscarriage of justice when innocent people are executed.
Motion condemning the use of the
death penalty in Taiwan, particularly the case of Chiou Ho-shun
Delegates of the FIDH 40th Congress,
Recognize that the
Taiwanese government resumed execution of the death penalty in 2010
after a 4-year moratorium and the passage of the Act to Implement
the ICCPR & ICESCR in 2009.
Expressing deep concern
that the rights of Mr. Chiou Ho-shun, who has spent over 30 years in
detention, have been seriously violated. His access to a fair trial
was denied due to the loss of physical exhibits during trial,
without any opportunity of cross-examination of the witness.
According to the recentJudgment
of the Asian Human Rights Court Simulation (AHRCS)
on the Case Chiou Ho-shun v. Taiwan by the 7 Judges who were human
rights experts across the region, it ruled the Taiwaese government
violated Articles 7 and 14 of the ICCPR.
Note with grave concern
that the execution of the death row inmates living with
psycho-social disability violated a series of UN resolutions and
standards upheld in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with
Disabilities (CRPD). The Guideline of Execution on the Death Penalty
of Taiwan should be reviewed and revised to comply with the CRPD.
Note that three death row
inmates died in prison this year, including one through suicide. No
investigations have been carried out nor reports on these deaths.
Currently there are 39 inmates on death row, and no proper procedure
is in place for them to seek clemency. Every death row inmate has
been constantly under the pressure and risk of being executed at
Note the fact that the
execution is carried out by a single gunman. The psychological
pressure and mental health of the executioner has not been taken
seriously by the authorities. The secrecy surrounding the execution
prevents the family members of the death row inmate from seeing him
or her for the last time.
Recall that, during the
FIDH 40th Congress in Taiwan, an FIDH international delegation
visited the Taipei Detention Center, where Mr. Chiou Ho-shu, has
been on death row for the past eight years and is awaiting
Call upon the Taiwanese
government to examine the human rights violations against Mr. Chiou
Ho-shun, and to provide proper remedies for these violations.
Call upon the Taiwanese
government to take necessary action to comply with Articles 6, 7,
and 14 of the ICCPR, and the latest released General Comment no. 36.
In the meantime, we strongly encourage the Taiwanese to impose a
moratorium on the death penalty until its abolition.
Call upon the Taiwanese
government to review the Guideline of Execution on the Death Penalty
and to revise the items which violate the Convention on the Rights
of persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
Call upon the Taiwanese
government to review the procedure of clemency, and to ensure the
effectiveness of the procedure.
Call upon the Taiwanese
government to investigate the social and psychological conditions of
the death row inmates, and to improve their treatment in detention.